Climate Change and Agriculture

Photo by Anton Atanasov on

Agriculture is our lifeline. We depend on it for our survival as the major source of our food is linked with agriculture. In our country, India too we are majorly an agrarian society . Even though there are different eating habits in different parts our country. But India is one of those very few countries, which is able to experience all four seasons in all its formats in a proper way. And this is because we have been placed geographically in a strategic place on the world map. With a burgeoning population, the primary source of food becomes all the more important and crucial.

We all know, that in many parts of the country, agriculture is seen not just as a profession but as a way of life and sometimes serves as an individual’s identity. And like every sphere, climate change also has irreversible impact on agriculture. he unimpeded growth of greenhouse gas emissions is raising the earth’s temperature. The consequences include melting glaciers, more precipitation, more and more extreme weather events, and shifting seasons. The accelerating pace of climate change, combined with global population and income growth, threatens food security everywhere. Changes in precipitation patterns increase the likelihood of short-run crop failures and long-run production declines.

In developing countries like India, where food security is a major issue and their case is more vulnerable, climate change is like a menace that needs to be tackled with a lot more seriousness. Below are few suggestions that can probably help us in delaying the dangers of food insecurity that pose a serious threat to us and our future generations.

1-Using water more efficiently and effectively, combined with policies to manage demand: Water as we know is a limited resource and the ground water depletion, uneven rainfall patterns and droughts are reasons of crop failure. Just by building better irrigation facilities may not be sufficient as water itself may be in scarcity. What is required is use of advanced water accounting systems and technologies to assess the amount of water available, including soil moisture sensors and satellite evapotranspiration measurements. Such measures can facilitate techniques such as alternate wetting and drying of rice paddies, which saves water and reduces methane emissions at the same time.

2-Improving soil health : Soil is the most crucial ingredient in any farming activity. Increasing organic carbon in soil helps it better retain water and allows plants to access water more readily, increasing resilience to drought. It also provides more nutrients without requiring as much chemical fertilizer — which is a major source of emissions.

3-Switching to less-thirsty crops: Maize or legumes consume less water as compared to rice. So switching to such type of crops can seriously be beneficial. But a generation or a region which has its food eating patterns that involves rice, such kind of thought is also scary. So, there is a big challenge to introduce new variants and alter eating practices.

4- Collaborative Efforts to be launched– For Ex-World Bank Group’s Climate Change Action Plan (2021-2025) is stepping up support for climate-smart agriculture across the agriculture and food value chains and via policy and technological interventions to enhance productivity, improve resilience, and reduce GHG emissions. So such organizations need to be formed and a collaborative approach needs to be undertaken so that the adverse effects are minimized.

What are your thoughts and suggestions on this topic? Do let me know.



“This post is part of Blogchatter’s CauseAChatter.”

2 Comments Add yours

  1. Whilst much is achieved at national levels so much can be done on a smaller scale. How many of us have put shrubs or trees in our gardens instead of just leaving a small patch of grass, how many of us have torn up the paving slabs or concrete that was parking space and put in something that allows vegetation to grow? How many of us refuse to use herbicides and insecticides on our land? If we can change our own habits we might think more about how our food is grown, and how we are destroying land. Good for you for trying to promote climate change and agricultural issues. I was brought up on a farm many years ago and we did not need to spray anything and everything to grow crops.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. First of all, thanks a ton for reading my blog. I totally agree with you, a lot can change if everyone one of us understands that we all have a role to play in protecting our future. You have rightly pointed out every aspect. Even I remember, when I was a kid , the vegetables from the local market were available only as per their season. But now, everything is available at every time of the year and of course it’s not organic way of cultivation.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s